The inaugural issue of the Dai-ichi Koto Gakko Koyukai Zasshi, published during the tumultuous and violent times from the 1890s to the Second World War, appeared in 1890 as an intramural magazine of the Dai-ichi Koto Gakko (First Higher School under the old education system), where the elite that would lead Japan’s succeeding generations were educated.

Many of the students of the Dai-ichi Koto Gakko were prominent among those who worked to establish the modern Japan in wide-ranging fields such as academia, the arts, politics, the economy and education. This magazine stands as a spiritual record of the youthful times of those figures.

Dai-ichi Koto Gakko was abolished after the Second World War, and the Koyukai Zasshi was also discontinued in 1944 after having been renamed the Gokokukai Zasshi (Magazine of the Association for the Protection of the Country) during the War. However the cultural mechanism of the high school and university intramural magazine that traces its origins from the Koyukai Zasshi has been passed down to the present day, with many schools issuing their own magazines.

Most of the students at the former Dai-ichi Koto Gakko were gathered there from locations all over the country, where they had been acclaimed as young persons of outstanding abilities. All the students were housed in the school dormitory, where they developed their talents through friendly rivalry. The students had a conspicuous air of elitism about them, but they established their characters while facing the times with a sincere attitude and with concern for the changes brought about by the progression of the era. These young people built up the intellectual and literary worlds of modern Japan in this magazine, which differed in character from commercial magazines. The theoretical writers included, for example, Ishihara Ken, Abe Jiro, Watsuji Tetsuro, Kurata Hyakuzo, Tanikawa Tetsuzo, Hayashi Tatsuo and Hani Goro. Literary writers included the generation from Kawabata Yasunari with his Chiyo that can be said to be the original form of Izu no Odoriko, and Tanizaki Junichiro, through the generation including Jinzai Kiyoshi, Hori Tatsuo and Takami Jun, and on to the generation of Fukunaga Takehiko, Nakamura Shinichiro, Kato Shuichi and Kiyooka Takuyuki, whose works forming the point of departure of their later achievements were published in the magazine.

This magazine is thus a treasure that records the youth of these highly talented people who later went on to attain greatness in both the academic and artistic worlds.

Editorial board: 池内輝雄・稲垣眞美・曾根博義・東郷克美・十川信介・中島国彦・中村稔

Contents information

Original books 校友会雑誌、護国会雑誌(改題)
Publisher Dai-ichi Koto Gakko Koyukai
Original publication date Koyukai Zasshi: November 1890 (Meiji 23) - December 1940 (Showa 15)
Gokokukai Zasshi: June 1941 (Showa 16) - June 1944 (Showa 19)
Number of volumes 380 issues (382 issues were published, of which issues No. 293 and 295 of 1923 (Taisho 12) have not been found and are therefore not included in the collection. Seven issues bear the name Gokokukai Zasshi).
Release date of JK May 2008
Number of pages 38,864 pages
Number of articles 6,809 articles
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