Encyclopedia of Japanのサンプルページ一覧
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kabuki【歌舞伎】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
One of the three major classical theaters of Japan, together with the Nō and the bunraku puppet theater. Kabuki began in the early 17th century as a kind of variety show performed by troupes of itinerant entertainers. By the Genroku era (1688−1704)
kimono【着物】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
The word kimono (literally, “clothing”) is usually used in the narrow sense for the traditional Japanese wrap-around garment, worn by both men and women, with rectangular sleeves, and bound with a sash (obi).
tea ceremony 【茶の湯】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
A highly structured method of preparing powdered green tea in the company of guests. The tea ceremony incorporates the preparation and service of food as well as the study and utilization of architecture, gardening, ceramics, calligraphy, history, and religion.
Nō【能】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
The oldest extant professional theater; a form of musical dance-drama originating in the 14th century. Nō preserves what all other important contemporary theater has lost: its origin in ritual, reflecting an essentially Buddhist view of existence.
Buddhism 【仏教】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
Tradition of Chinese origin said to have been known in Japan since the 5th century. Confucianism has religious aspects but is mainly a philosophical, ethical, and political teaching. In Japan it assumed particular importance during the 6th to 9th centuries and from the Edo period (1600−1868)
Confucianism 【儒教】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
Tradition of Chinese origin said to have been known in Japan since the 5th century. Confucianism has religious aspects but is mainly a philosophical, ethical, and political teaching. In Japan it assumed particular importance during the 6th to 9th centuries and from the Edo period (1600−1868)
haiku 【俳句】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
A 17-syllable verse form consisting of three metrical units of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, respectively. One of the most important forms of traditional Japanese poetry, haiku remains popular in modern Japan, and in recent years its popularity has spread to other countries.
karate 【空手】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
Art of self-defense that uses no weapons and relies instead on three main techniques: arm strikes (uchi), thrusts (tsuki), and kicks (keri). A distinction is made between offensive and defensive techniques, which are modified according to the position of one's opponent.
Man'yōshū 【万葉集】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
The earliest extant collection of Japanese poetry. Divided into 20 books, it contains 4,516 numbered waka poems, the last and most recent of which is dated New Year's Day of the Japanese year corresponding to AD 759.
tanka【短歌】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
A 31-syllable poem consisting of five lines in the pattern 5−7−5−7−7; the dominant form in classical Japanese poetry (waka) from the 7th century to the present. In the oldest anthology of native poetry, the 8th-century
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