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  11. kimono【着物】
Encyclopedia of Japan


The word kimono (literally, “clothing”) is usually used in the narrow sense for the traditional Japanese wrap-around garment, worn by both men and women, with rectangular sleeves, and bound with a sash (obi). The word is occasionally used in the broad sense as a term for clothing or for the native dress in general as opposed to Western-style clothing (yōfuku). The predecessor of the kimono is the kosode (“small sleeves”), which was worn as an undergarment from about the Nara period (710−794) and as the everyday outer garment from about the mid-16th century. The term kimono gained favor over kosode only in the 18th century (see also clothing).

In the Meiji period (1868−1912) many men began wearing Western-style clothes, reserving kimono for formal occasions or when relaxing at home, but only from the beginning of the Shōwa period (1926−89) did the new style of dress become popular among women. Today most women wear kimono mainly for social and ceremonial events or when performing certain traditional arts. Children and young men and women may wear kimono for such occasions as New Year, the Shichigosan festival, Adulthood Day (see gempuku), graduations, and weddings.

Kimono may be unlined (hitoe), lined (awase), or cotton-quilted (wataire). Unlined kimono are worn from June through September; for everyday wear, stencil-dyed cotton yukata are most common. For street or formal wear, materials such as silk gauze (ro and sha) or fine linen (jōfu) are used. Lined kimono are worn from October through May and are mainly made of silk or wool. Today synthetic materials are often used, and one-layer wool kimono are often worn in winter. Cotton quilted kimono, or cotton-quilted robes called tanzen worn over kimono, are for midwinter at home.

The ceremonial kimono for men is made of black habutae silk and decorated in several places with the family crest (mon; see crests) in white. Women wear different types of formal kimono. The dazzling wedding costume consists of a white or red silk kimono with embroidery or brocade. Married women wear dark-colored silk, with a lighter design, for festive occasions and black silk, without a design, for funerals.

Generally when dressing one first dons tabi (socks); top undergarment and wrap-around underskirt; and then the underkimono (nagajuban), which is tied tightly with a wide belt (datemaki). The nagajuban has a collar (han'eri), usually white, which should show about 2 centimeters (1 in) above the collar of the kimono that is worn over it. The left side of the kimono is lapped over the right in front; the opposite is done only when dressing a body for burial. The technique of donning kimono and obi was traditionally passed on from mother to daughter, but today women often go to a special school to learn how to achieve the correct effects.

A silk kimono is usually not cleaned as a whole unit but is first taken apart along the straight, hand-sewn seams, then washed and laid or stretched out to dry. After every wearing the kimono should be aired. For storage, the kimono is folded in a set order along the seams, wrapped in special paper (tatōgami), and laid flat in a drawer.

A young woman dressed in the hōmongi type of kimono that is appropriate for semiformal occasions, such as a party, a theater visit, or an open-air tea ceremony. Designs are selected to suit the occasion and the season.

検索ヒット数 288
1. ki・mo・no画像音声
n. (pl. ki・mo・nos) 着物;着物風の化粧着[部屋着];男女共に用いる.[1886.<日本語]ki・mo・noedadj. ...
2. ki・mo・no
[名詞]1 (日本の)着物.kimono-clad着物を着た2 ((主に米))(着物風の)化粧着(◆ 男女とも用いる).[日本]◆ ki・mó・noed[形容詞 ...
3. kimono 【着物】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
weddings. Kimono may be unlined (hitoe), lined (awase), or cotton-quilted (watai ...
4. kimóno flànnel
フランネレット:綿ネル.出典:McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms(4th ed.)(1 ...
5. kimóno slèeve
着物式の袖.出典:Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language(19 ...
6. ki・mo・noed
adj. 着物を着た.出典:The Oxford English Dictionary(2nd ed.)(1894)The Random House Dicti ...
7. ki・mó・noed
[形容詞] ...
8. ki・mo・noed
adj. ...
9. キモノ‐スリーブ【kimono sleeve】
日本の着物の袖(そで)からヒントを得て作られた袖のこと。身頃(みごろ)と続きで裁った短い袖。  ...
10. cemént kimòno
((米俗)) (マフィアがやるという)死体のセメント樽(たる)詰め. ...
11. cemént kimòno [òvercoat]
((米俗))死体のセメントたる詰め. ...
12. e・ma・ki・mo・no
n. 絵巻物.出典:The Oxford English Dictionary(2nd ed.)(1882) ...
13. ma・ki・mo・no
n. 巻き物.出典:The Oxford English Dictionary(2nd ed.)(1882)The Random House Dictionar ...
14. o・ki・mo・no
n. 置き物.出典:The Oxford English Dictionary(2nd ed.)(1886) ...
15. wóoden kimóno
((米俗)) =wooden overcoat. ...
16. emakimono 【絵巻物】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
century along with Buddhism. The earliest extant emakimono in Japan is the Kako  ...
17. tsukimono 【憑物】
Encyclopedia of Japan
and the snake as short and fat like a fish. Tsukimono can be divided into two ca ...
18. tsu・ke・mo・no
n. 漬物.出典:The Oxford English Dictionary(2nd ed.)(1885)(また tsu・ki・mo・no 出典:The Oxf ...
19. exorcism 【憑物落とし】
Encyclopedia of Japan
The various methods whereby a malignant spiritual entity is driven out of the bo ...
20. footgear, traditional 【履物】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
only on special occasions as part of a formal kimono ensemble, and geta are worn ...
21. áir・brùsh
シ.━━ v.t.1 …をエアブラシで描く[吹きつける,塗る]airbrush silk kimonos絹の着物にエアブラシで描く.2 …をエアブラシで消す[修 ...
22. Ban Dainagon emaki 【伴大納言絵巻】
Encyclopedia of Japan
as Ban Dainagon ekotoba. Late-12th-century emakimono (illustrated handscroll). T ...
23. beads, ancient 【玉】
Encyclopedia of Japan
commonly worn with Western clothing but never with kimono.) The most significant ...
24. bedding 【寝具】
Encyclopedia of Japan
coverlets that had sleeves and neckbands like kimono. Mosquito nets have been in ...
25. Bon odori 【盆踊】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
song. Costumes vary, but loose, cotton summer kimono (yukata) and straw hats are ...
26. book illustration 【挿絵】
Encyclopedia of Japan
as the E inga kyo, and the picture scrolls (emakimono) of the late Heian period  ...
27. Buddhist art 【仏教美術】
Encyclopedia of Japan
form, that of the illustrated handscroll (emakimono), was developed for Buddhist ...
28. bunraku 【文楽】
Encyclopedia of Japan
manipulating and shaping the lower part of the kimono. In the play Sonezaki shin ...
29. cemént òvercoat
=cement kimono...
30. chirimen 【縮緬】
Encyclopedia of Japan
widely used for high-quality traditional clothing (kimono, haori, and obi) and a ...
31. chiyogami 【千代紙】
Encyclopedia of Japan
handicrafts, such as covering small boxes and making kimono for paper dolls, chi ...
32. Chōjū giga 【鳥獣戯画】
Encyclopedia of Japan
Humans). Group of ink paintings on scrolls (emakimono) and a few detached segmen ...
33. clothing 【衣服】
Encyclopedia of Japan
wafuku (Japanese style) or yofuku (Western style). Kimono is the modern designat ...
34. consumers 【消費者】
Encyclopedia of Japan
although women still prefer traditional Japanese kimono for such special occasio ...
35. cooking, Japanese 【日本料理】
Encyclopedia of Japan
substance is added last. Yakimono The principal ingredients of yakimono (grill ...
36. design in textiles 【染織のデザイン】
Encyclopedia of Japan
wear the layered kimono was replaced by the single, simple one-piece style of ki ...
37. dojōsukui 【泥鰌掬い】
Encyclopedia of Japan
accompaniment of the folk song “Yasugi-bushi.” With kimono tucked up and a towel ...
38. dolls 【人形】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
constructions of colored paper with folded paper kimono, also became popular. Ko ...
39. donsu 【緞子】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
making obi (sashes worn with traditional Japanese kimono); lighter donsu is used ...
40. Ebisu 【恵比須】
Encyclopedia of Japan
kitchen. Ebisu is usually represented as wearing a kimono, a divided skirt (haka ...
41. embroidery 【刺繍】
Encyclopedia of Japan
later became more intricate and were applied to kimono and accessories. By the 1 ...
42. furisode 【振袖】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
A style of women's kimono characterized by wide flowing sleeves that, when the a ...
43. gates 【門】
Encyclopedia of Japan
(794−1185). Contemporary picture scrolls (emakimono) show three common gate type ...
44. geisha 【芸者】
Encyclopedia of Japan
and Osaka. Such apprentices wore a distinctive kimono and hairstyle while they u ...
45. Genji monogatari emaki 【源氏物語絵巻】
Encyclopedia of Japan
General term for illustrated handscrolls (emakimono) portraying scenes from the  ...
46. geta 【下駄】
Encyclopedia of Japan
informal footwear, especially with the unlined kimono called yukata.  ...
47. Gotō Art Museum 【五島美術館】画像
Encyclopedia of Japan
picture scroll (emakimono) of the Heian period (794−1185). It also owns emakimon ...
48. graphic design 【グラフィック・デザイン】
Encyclopedia of Japan
used as advertisements for dry goods stores and kimono shops. In the late Edo pe ...
49. Gyōda 【行田[市]】
Encyclopedia of Japan
century. Long known for its tabi (socks worn with kimono), Gyoda developed texti ...
50. gyōji 【行司】
Encyclopedia of Japan
usual attire of a gyoji is a hitatare, which is a kimonolike garment similar to  ...

impasse(プログレッシブ ビジネス英語辞典)
行き詰まり(=deadlock),窮境;袋小路 The whole situation is at an impasse. 全事態が行き詰まっている We are in an impasse.われわれは袋小路に入っている
1 敵,かたき,敵対者,競争相手 a mortal [or a sworn] enemy 不倶戴天(ふぐたいてん)の敵 a natural enemy 天敵 political enemies 政敵 a public enemy 民衆の敵(ギャングなどの凶悪犯罪人) an enemies list 敵のリスト
1 ((通例単数)) (物事の)終わり,終結,結び;終末,最後((of ...)) ⇒END1【類語】 foregone conclusion 当然の帰結 an effective conclusion of [or to] the war 戦争の効果的な終結 at the conclusion of the contest 競技の終わりに bring a story to a happy conclusion 話をハッピーエンドに導く.
n. (pl. ap・pen・dix・es,-di・ces) 1 付録,補遺,付表,追加.▼ 通例,巻末につける解説,統計,参考記事などで,これがなくても本文は完結している. cf. SUPPLEMENT n.2. 2 付加物,付属物. 3 〔解剖〕(1)突起.(2)垂,(特に)虫垂.
n. (pl. -sar・ies) 1 敵,敵対者,反対者(⇔ally).⇒OPPONENT【類語】 2 (試合・ゲームなどの)対戦者,相手(contestant). 3 ((the A-)) 悪魔,サタン. ━━ adj. (また((特に英)) ad・ver・sar・i・al)

kabuki【歌舞伎】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
One of the three major classical theaters of Japan, together with the Nō and the bunraku puppet theater. Kabuki began in the early 17th century as a kind of variety show performed by troupes of itinerant entertainers. By the Genroku era (1688−1704)
kimono【着物】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
The word kimono (literally, “clothing”) is usually used in the narrow sense for the traditional Japanese wrap-around garment, worn by both men and women, with rectangular sleeves, and bound with a sash (obi).
tea ceremony 【茶の湯】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
A highly structured method of preparing powdered green tea in the company of guests. The tea ceremony incorporates the preparation and service of food as well as the study and utilization of architecture, gardening, ceramics, calligraphy, history, and religion.
Nō【能】(Encyclopedia of Japan)
The oldest extant professional theater; a form of musical dance-drama originating in the 14th century. Nō preserves what all other important contemporary theater has lost: its origin in ritual, reflecting an essentially Buddhist view of existence.
n. (pl. -sar・ies) 1 敵,敵対者,反対者(⇔ally).⇒OPPONENT【類語】 2 (試合・ゲームなどの)対戦者,相手(contestant). 3 ((the A-)) 悪魔,サタン. ━━ adj. (また((特に英)) ad・ver・sar・i・al)